The objectives included:
- · Discovering and exploiting new terrestrial and aquatic biomass resources to minimise environmental impacts. Marine biomass could yield many new molecules.
- · Developing integrated second and third generation bio-refineries. (First generation refineries used food-crops as raw material. 2nd generation will use forestry, 3rd generation will use waste products.)
- · The work programme for 2014-15 (€486M) will focus on Sustainable Food Security, Blue Growth (Seas and Oceans), and Innovative Sustainable Inclusive Bioeconomics (!).
- · Specifically the “Value Chains” of bio-based industries would be more important. E.g.
o Utilisation of the next generation of forest-based value chains for new added value products.
o Utilisation of the next generation of agro-based value chains to realise the highest sustainability and added value from improved agricultural production. New oil crops would be sought.
o Realising sustainable bio-energy production by backwards integration with bio-refineries making high added value materials.
- · Research on converting atmospheric carbon dioxide into useful chemicals would be encouraged.
- · “Waste” would be redefined as an attractive source of raw materials.
In summing up, Mr Gonzalez said EU programmes (and hopefully the Job Titles. Ed.) would become less R&D oriented and more applied.