From Genesis to Exodus: record of the development of Tencel by Courtaulds Research from the 1979 Genesis project to Courtaulds Exodus from fibres in 1998, based around publications from that time and the recollections of those involved  is at


Regenerated Cellulose Fibres, (book) 348 pages, 234x156mm Hardback 2001, ISBN 1 85573 459 1, Woodhead Publishing Ltd.

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Encyclopaedia Chapters

Fibers, Regenerated Cellulosics, Kirk Othmer Encyclopaedia of Chemical Technology - Now on Dialog and DVD

Fibers, Regenerated Cellulosics, Encyclopaedia of Polymer Science and Technology. John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Updated for publication in 2016)

Conference Reports etc

The list is now in the right hand side bar

Technical Papers

Life Cycle Analysis - When Assumptions determine Outcomes: with Adrian Wilson - Jan 2014 INDA Vision Dallas
Absorbent Sponges from Pure Cellulose,Edana Conference, June 2010
Flushability Review,Insight Conference, Austin Texas USA , October 2004
Opportunities Arising from the Fibrillation of Lyocell, Insight, Tampa FLA USA, October 2002
Crop-Based Polymers for Nonwovens, Insight, Toronto Canada, November 2000
Lyocell Staple Fibre in Industrial Application - 4th Int. Symposium,  06/07.09.2000 Rudolstadt
New Developments in Biodegradable Fibres for Nonwovens, EDANA Technical, Prague, June 2000
Advanced Cellulosic Nonwovens, Insight Conference, San Diego California, November 99
Whither Cellulosics,  Nonwovens Network Meeting, Wakefield, June 1999
High Pressure Hydroentanglement of Cellulosics, EDANA Index 93 Conference, Geneva
Lyocell in Technical Textiles, Textile Institute World Conference, Tampere Finland, 1996
A Brief History of Regenerated Cellulosic Fibres 1995 
The Development of Markets for Man-Made Cellulosics 1995
A Century of Man-Made Cellulosics, A talk at the Royal Horticultural Society, Kew Gardens, 1992
Environmental Aspects of Solvent-Spun Cellulose, Cellulose 91 Conference, New Orleans.
The Manufacture Properties and Uses of Inflated Viscose Rayon Fibres, Tappi Nonwovens, 1985
The Development of Viscose Rayon for Nonwoven Applications, Tappi Nonwovens, 1979:
One of the first papers to consider the environmental impact of fibre production and disposables concluding that biodegradable plant-based polymers from cellulose had a better long term future in nonwovens than polypropylene or polyester polymers based on fossil-fuels. Large File: right-click on first page and Rotate Clockwise to read
The Manufacture of Rayon in Courtaulds Coventry, Historic Photos - 1939-1948, (Large File)

The Development of Tencel and Lyocell at Courtaulds in Coventry, 1975-98.

Patents etc

  • Regenerated Cellulose Fibres ( WO2011012424 - For Kelheim Fibres)

  • Ultra-low tar cigarette filters from fibrillated lyocell fibres. (USPs’ 5671757, 5839448, 5738119 – for Philip Morris)

  • Fast fibrillating lyocell fibre (USP 6042769)

  • Traditional felts based on lyocell fibre (WO 9747795)

  • Shaped lyocell Fibres (WO 9723667)

  • Lyocell Sewing threads and their dyeing (USP 6136432)

  • Solvent-spun cellulose applications development leading to the launch of Tencel® in Industrial Textiles

  • High pressure hydroentanglement as a route to durable textiles.
  • Hollow viscose fibres for improved absorbency, texture and thermal properties (The original "Viloft"). (USP 3626045)

  • Multi-limbed viscose fibres optimised to replace bleached cotton in tampons. (USP 4129679)

  • Collapsed-tube viscose fibres for speciality papers ("PM1 Fibre")

  • Collapsed-tube viscose fibres for flushable wet-laid coverstock ("PM2 Fibre")

  • Antimicrobial viscose fibre, process and applications development.

  • Battery Separators based on lyocell fibre (WO 9613071)

  • Spun-laid latex-bonded viscose nonwovens, first shown publicly at IDEA 71. (GB 1337412, 1387566)

  • Surgical swabs using spun-laid viscose.

  • Highly absorbent fibres for tampons, pads and wound dressings. (Including Y-shaped fibres, spun-laid alginate, CMC alloy fibres and CMC fibres)

  • Apertured spun-laid viscose nonwovens, including hydroentanglement and autogenic bonding options. (for Bonded Fibre Fabrics - 1977-81)

  • The BFF modernisation plan including specifying a Unicharm hydroentanglement line for coverstock manufacture

  • Fibrid and Melt Blown routes to cellulosic microfibres

  • Solvent-spun cellulose applications development leading to the launch of Tencel® in nonwovens

  • The specification, installation and management of Courtaulds Focus Nonwovens pilot plant including carding, cross-folding, wet-laying, calender bonding, ultrasonic bonding, latex bonding, needlepunching and hydroentanglement (both Perfojet and Honeycomb machines)

  • Refining lyocell fibre for special papers (WO 9801620)

  • Development of special papers, hydroentangled nonwovens, and composites based on fibrillated lyocell.

  • Highly absorbent fibres for tampons, pads and wound dressings. (Including Y-shaped fibres, spun-laid alginate, CMC alloy fibres and CMC fibres)

  • The development of lint-free tampons based on tow

  • Foam-fibrillation routes to polypropylene and polyethylene coverstocks ("Novoweb" - for Bonded Fibre Fabrics)

  • PU and EVA adhesive web manufacturing processes ("Sharnet" - for Bonded Fibre Fabrics, now acquired by Bostik-Findley)

  • Acrylic superabsorbent fibre process and applications development

  • Acrylic antimicrobial fibre, process and applications development